By: Prof. Kirankumar Jagtap (email@example.com)
Date: 22nd June 2020
Around year 1760, Industrial revolution has started, almost 260 years ago. In United States, 4th Version of this revolution is called as Smart Manufacturing (SM) and in Europe, it’s called Industry 4.0. Smart manufacturing is an application of IIoT (Industrial Internet of Things). In this, different types of sensors are attached in machines to collect data for their activities and performance. Previously, this type of information was kept in local databases and was used only when some breakdown or failure occurs. But with the help of SM, An engineer can get to know the real time progress about the activities, performance, and can anticipate the failures to enable him to go for preventive maintenance which ultimately reduces the precious time and cost of an organization.
The basic objective of SM is to optimize the processes using different machines which are interconnected by internet to control and monitor the manufacturing processes. In this overall process a huge data is collected of each and every minute thing which is an input for data scientist and analysts who can use that data to analyse the most effective and efficient ways or methods of doing the things and reducing machine downtime. There are different technologies which helps in Smart Manufacturing such as Artificial Intelligence / Machine Learning to take automatic decision making based on current data, Autonomous Vehicles and Drones to reduce workforce needed, Blockchain for traceability and providing fast and efficient way to record and store data, Edge Computing to have alarms or temperature sensors to improve decision making, Predictive Analytics to anticipate the failures and improve forecasting, and Digital Twins to model their processes in virtual environment and then use them to anticipate / predict the failures before its occurrence. Though, the cost of implementation of Smart Manufacturing is a major concern in small scale industries, in spite it overshadows the startup costs and has savings over long run.
Smart Manufacturing technology offers competitive benefits for organizations. With the help of experienced consultants, manufacturers can transform their organization into Smart Manufacturing technology as it is not easy to implement. To have an essence of this technology, a student has to learn all this during his graduation which is available at MGMU’s Mechanical Engineering Department. MGMU is continuously filling the industry-academia gap with the current and future industry needs curriculum designed by the professors and renowned industry experts with hands-on training. MGMU's Innovation Incubation & Research Centre (IIRC) is state of the art facility set up to inculcate knowledge and skills to meet the demands of manufacturing, robotics and automation industries. The aim of IIRC is to support students and local industries through skill development in the field of automation technology. IIRC is established in association with Christiani Sharpline Technical Training Private Limited Germany, a 50:50 Indo–German Joint Venture Company, YASKAWA Motoman Robotics, Japan and SSIG Manufacturing Advancements Pvt. Ltd., Pune.
In addition to regular curriculum, short term interdisciplinary courses in the field of Industrial Robotics, Mechatronics & Industrial Automation, Additive Manufacturing, CIM are conducted at IIRC. All these courses are interdependent and will be completed in the span of two years. In the last academic year, 25 different live applications were developed through which more than 400 students were benefited and more than 500 students have skilled through interdisciplinary courses. To make students ready to face industrial challenges, at IIRC we are looking forward to train more than 3000 students on various fields of technology. MGMU’s Mechanical department has an excellent combination of research, teaching and facilities. In this environment, it’s always been a fun learning to come up with exciting ideas to work on and thus innovate and incubate the same. If you are about to learn or thinking of learning all these smart technologies thoroughly then opting Mechanical Engineering branch at MGMU is a sensible choice!
(Author is Assistant Professor from Department of Mechanical Engineering of Jawaharlal Nehru Engineering College which is constituent part of MGM University, Aurangabad.)